Sunday, 3 July 2016

HOW TO START COCOA FARMING

Botanical  name: Theobroma cacao

Name:cacao

 Cacao is believed to have originated in the hot,humid region near the source of the river Amazon in South America. It was introduced into many countries in West Africa during the nineteenth century, and it has become an important export crop of Ghana,Nigeria,Togo and Cameroon
 Ghana,Nigeria,Ivory Coast together supply more than two -thirds of the world cocoa. Ghana is the most producer of cocoa in the world followed by brazil and Nigeria.
  95% of all the cocoa produced in Nigeria comes from the south-western area of Nigeria.
 
  The name cacao is used to describe the tree, while cocoa refers to the fruit or crop and the processed product.
 The fruit is called cocoa pod.


  PLANTING DATE:
 Nursery is done october to January. Field(transplantong) between April and June

  SPACING:
 Nursery:20cmx20cm. Field 3mx3m

THINGS YOU MUST KNOW BEFORE YOU VENTURE INTO COCOA FARMING:

1. Technical know how: You must have the knowledge aboit it, and specifically study much on it.
2. Land Preparation: The Land is cleared with cutlass, after which stumping is done. The land can also be prepared by ploughing and harrowing. Cocoa Plantedon flat lands does need ridges.
3. Climatic and Soil Requirement: Cocoa Plant requires 17°-20° temperature, rainfall 114cm-200cm per annum and a deep fertiled, fertile soil and well drained loamy. which is slightly acidic and can retain moisture.

     USES
1.It is used for manufacturing of beverages.

  MAINTAINANCE
1 Weeds, which are a problem for the first 4 years of growth on the field, should be removed.
2 Shade trees must be thinned and can be removed when the canopy of the cacao trees has closed.

Presently a kilo sells for #800.  WATCH OUT FOR MORE. LET JOIN  HANDS AND BUILD A GREATER NATION THROUGH AGRICULTURE.
Written by Yakubu Jimoh.
email me for the pdf or make request by commenting and put ur email

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