Monday, 4 July 2016

SUCCESS GUIDE TO WATER MELON PRODUCTION

BOTANICAL NAME: CITRUSLLUS LANATUS

Water melon are member of the cucurbitaceae family, which includes pumpkins and cucumbers. Individual plants produce both male and females flowers and fruit size varies from 2kg to 10kg depending in the variety

       RECOMMENDED VARITIES

Charleston gray, jubilee and Royal Sweet.

      SOIL REQUIREMENTS
Water melons grow best on sandy loam soil, which are well drained, when planted on very heavy soil water melons develop slowly and fruit size and quantity are usually inferior.

      LAND PREPARATION
 Foeld should be prepared thoroughly by ploughing and harrowing. Spacing:2mx1m at 2 seeds per hole

     PLANTING PERIOD

EARLY PLANTING:Plant with the early rains in march and april

LATE PLANTING: Start with the late planting in August and September

    DAYS OF MATURITY
It is usually 80 to 90 days for baby bush varities and 90 to100 days ormore for Larger varities

           WEED CONTROL

Commence manual weeding 2 to 3 weeks after planting
Chemical weed control: Use Galex or dual as pre-emerge at the rate of 4Litre/ha

Use NP.K 20:10:10 Four bags immediately after weeding

   HARVESTING

 Determining optimum maturity of a water melon can be difficult, varies may differ in certain characteristics that indicate maturity.
An experienced person may identify a ripe melon just by glancing at the glossy rind surface.
 A sharp knife should be used to cut melon from vies.

        STORAGE
Water melons are not adapted to long term storage, storage for more than two weeks triggers a loss in flesh crispness.

  BENEFITS
 Water melon is delicious and extremely healthy.
 it is rich in potassium
  WATCH OUT FOR NEXT TALK ON WATER MELON.
 Written by YAKUBU JIMOH.

Post a Comment

Whatsapp Button works on Mobile Device only

Start typing and press Enter to search