Saturday, 13 October 2018

11 Health Benefits Of Rice

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize. Rice is the most important grain with regard to human nutrition and caloric intake, providing more than one-fifth of the calories consumed worldwide by humans. Rice, a monocot, is normally grown as an annual plant, although in tropical areas it can survive as a perennial crop and can produce a ration crop for up to 30 years. Rice cultivation is well-suited to countries and regions with low labour costs and high rainfall, as it is labour-intensive to cultivate and requires ample water.
Nutritional Value of Rice
100 grams of cooked white rice serves 130 calories and contains 69% water, 2.4 grams of protein, 28.7 grams of carbohydrate, 0.2 grams of total fat out of which saturated fat is 0.05 grams, monounsaturated fat is 0.06 grams, polyunsaturated fat is 0.05 grams, omega-3 is 0.01 grams and omega-6 is 0.04 grams with zero trans-fats, sugar and fibre.
Nutritional facts Per 100 Grams

1. Helps in providing energy
Rice is abundant in carbohydrates and it provides enough energy to the body and aids in the normal functioning of the brain. Carbohydrates require to be metabolized by the body and be turned into functional, usable energy. The vitamins, minerals, and various organic components increase the functioning and metabolic activity of all organ systems in the body, which further increases energy levels.
2. Helps to prevent obesity
Consumption of rice is extremely beneficial for health, simply because it does not contain harmful fats, cholesterol or sodium. It forms an integral part of balanced diet . The low levels of fat, cholesterol, and sodium also helps to reduce obesity and the health conditions associated with being overweight. It is one of the most widely used and eaten foods in the world because it can keep people healthy and satiated, even in very small quantities.
3. Helps in controlling blood pressure
Rice is low in sodium, so it is considered one of the best foods for those suffering from high blood pressure and
hypertension . Sodium can cause veins and arteries to constrict, increasing the
stress and strain on the cardiovascular system as the blood pressure increases. This is also associated with heart conditions like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes, so avoiding excess sodium is always a healthy solution.
4. Helps in preventing cancer
Rice is rich in insoluble fibre that protects against many types of cancer. Many scientists and researchers believe that such insoluble fibres are vital for protecting the body against the development and metastasis of cancerous cells. Fibre is specifically beneficial in defending against colorectal and intestinal cancer. However, besides fibre, it also has natural antioxidants like
vitamin C, vitamin-A, phenolic and flavonoid compounds, which also act as or stimulate antioxidants to scour the body for free radicals. Free radicals are by-products of cellular metabolism that can do serious damage to organ systems and cause the mutation of healthy cells into cancerous ones. In such cases rice helps in boosting antioxidant levels within the body.
5. Provides skin care
Medical experts say that powdered rice can be applied topically to cure some skin ailments. In India, rice water is readily prescribed by ayurvedic practitioners as an effective ointment to cool off inflamed skin surfaces. The phenolic compounds that are found in it, particularly in rice, have anti-inflammatory properties, so they are also good for soothing irritation and redness. Whether consumed or topically applied, substance derived from rice tends to relieve a number of skin conditions. The antioxidant capacity also helps delay the appearance of wrinkles and other premature signs of aging that can affect the skin.
6. Helps in improving metabolism
Rice is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals like niacin, vitamin D,
calcium , fibre, iron , thiamine and riboflavin. These vitamins provide the foundation for body metabolism, immune system health, and general functioning of the organ systems, since vitamins are commonly consumed in the most essential activities in the body.
7. Helps to boost cardiovascular health
Rice bran oil extracted from the husk of rice is known to have antioxidant properties that promote cardiovascular strength by reducing cholesterol levels in the body. The husk of the grain is where much of the nutrients reside and this is removed in white rice preparation.
8. Helps to relieve the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Rice is rich in resistant starch, which reaches the bowels in an undigested form. This type of starch stimulates the growth of useful bacteria that help in normal bowel movements. Also, this insoluble rice is very useful in reducing the effects of conditions like Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and diarrhoea.
9. Helps to prevent chronic constipation
Rice can also prevent chronic
constipation . The insoluble fibre from rice acts like a soft sponge that may be pushed through the intestinal tract quickly and easily. Rice, which are whole grains are known to be rich in insoluble fibre. However, it is advisable to drink lots of water for relieving one’s constipated condition, in addition to eating fibrous foods.
10. Prevents Alzheimer’s Disease
Rice contains high levels of nutrients that stimulate the growth and activity of neurotransmitters, subsequently helping to prevent Alzheimer’s disease to a considerable extent. Various species of rice have been found to stimulate neuroprotective enzymes in the brain, which inhibit the effects of free radicals and other dangerous toxins that can cause dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
11.Helps to regulate body temperature
While cooking rice, the water in which it is boiled is known as rice water. The presence of rice water is linked to high temperature rice which provides starch in the water. Rice water is able to regulate body temperature. Consumption of rice water is thus a way to heal fever as well as it regulates body temperature. Hence it is an aid to help people having fever.

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